Category Archives: history

Why is Marijuana Banned?

 The Real Reasons Are Worse Than You Think

Across the world, increasingly more individuals are asking: Why is marijuana banned? Why are people still sent to prison for using or selling it?
The majority of us assume it’s because somebody, someplace sat down with the clinical evidence, and found out that marijuana is more harmful than other drugs we use all the time– like alcohol and cigarettes.
Someone worked it all out, for our benefit.
But when I started to go through the official archives to learn why marijuana was prohibited back in the 1930s, I found that’s not what took place.
Not at all.
In 1929, a man called Harry Anslinger was put in charge of the Department of Prohibition in Washington DC. However alcohol prohibition must been a catastrophe. Gangsters had taken over whole areas. Alcohol– controlled by crooks– had actually become much more toxic.
So alcohol prohibition swiftly ended– and Harry Anslinger hesitated. He discovered himself in charge of a big federal government department, with absolutely nothing for it to do. Up till then, he must have stated that cannabis was not a problem. It does not harm individuals, he described, and “there is no more absurd fallacy” than the concept it makes people violent.
But then– suddenly, when his department needed a new function– he revealed he had actually altered his mind.
He explained to the public which would happen if you smoked cannabis.
Initially, you will fall under “a delirious rage.” Then you will be grasped by “dreams … of a sexual character.” Then you will “lose the power of connected thought.” Lastly, you will reach the inescapable end-point: “Insanity.”.
Marijuana turns male into a wild beast. If marijuana bumped into Frankenstein’s monster on the stairs, Anslinger cautioned, the monster would drop dead of shock.
Harry Anslinger ended up being consumed with one case in certain. In Florida, a boy called Victor Lacata hacked his family to death with an axe. Anslinger stated to America: This is exactly what will happen when you smoke “the devil weed.” The case became well-known. The moms and dads of the US were frightened.
What proof did Harry Anslinger have? It ends up at this time he wrote to the 30 leading scientists on this subject, asking if marijuana was a threat, and if there must be a ban.
Twenty-nine wrote back and said this was not the case.
Anslinger selected the one scientist who stated yes, and presented him to the world. Journalism– obsessed with Victor Lacata’s axe– cheered them on.
In a panic that grasped America, marijuana was prohibited. The United States informed other nations they needed to do the exact same. Many nations said it was a dumb idea, and chose not to do it. For instance, Mexico decided their drug policy need to be run by doctors. Their medical guidance was that cannabis didn’t trigger these problems, and they chose not to ban it. The US was furious. Anslinger made them to fall into line. The Mexicans held out– till, in the end, the United States cut off the supply of all legal painkillers to Mexico. People began to pass away in agony in their medical facilities. So with regret, Mexico fired the medical professional– and released its own drug war.
However at home, concerns were being asked. A leading American medical professional called Michael Ball wrote to Harry Anslinger, puzzled. He discussed how he had used marijuana as a medical trainee, and it had actually just made him drowsy. Possibly cannabis does drive a little number of people crazy, he stated– however we need to fund some clinical studies to learn.
Anslinger wrote back firmly. “The marijuana evil can no longer be temporized with,” he explained, and he would fund no independent science. Then, or ever.
For several years, doctors kept approaching him with proof he was incorrect, and he began to snap, telling them they were “treading on harmful ground” and they need to watch their mouths.
Today, most of the world is still dealing with the restriction on marijuana that Harry Anslinger created, in the nation-wide panic that followed Victor Lacata’s killing spree.
However here’s the catch. Years later, someone went and took a look at the psychiatric report for Victor Lacata.
It turns out there’s no proof he ever used cannabis.
He had a lot of mental disorders reported in his family. They must been told a year prior to he had to be institutionalized– however they declined. His psychiatrists never even mentioned marijuana in connection to him.
So, does marijuana make individuals mad?
The former chief consultant on drugs to the British federal government, David Nutt, describes– if cannabis causes psychosis in a simple method, then it would display in a straightforward method.
When marijuana use increases, psychosis will increase. And when marijuana usage decreases psychosis will go down.
So does that take place? We have a lot of data from a lot of nations. And it turns out it doesn’t. For example, in Britain, cannabis usage has actually increased by a factor of about 40 since the 1960s. And rates of psychosis? They remained constant.
In reality, the clinical proof suggests marijuana is much safer than alcohol. Alcohol kills 40,000 individuals every year in the United States. Marijuana kills no one– although Willie Nelson states a good friend of his did once pass away when a bale of marijuana fell on his head.
This is why, in 2006, a young man in Colorado called Mason Tvert released a challenge to the then-mayor of Denver and eventual governor, John Hickenlooper. Hickenlooper owned brew-pubs offering alcohol throughout the state, and it made him rich. But he said marijuana was dangerous and needed to be banned. So Mason provided him a challenge– to a battle. You bring a dog crate of booze. I’ll bring a pack of joints. For every hit of booze you take, I’ll take a hit of marijuana. We’ll see who dies first.
It was the ultimate High noon.
Mason went on to lead the project to legislate cannabis in his state. His fellow citizens voted to do it– by 55 %. Now adults can purchase cannabis lawfully, in licensed stores, where they are taxed– and the money is utilized to build schools. After a year and a half of seeing this system in practice, public support for legalization has increased to 69 %. And even Guv Hickenlooper has actually begun calling it “common sense.”.
Oh– and Colorado hasn’t been filled with individuals hacking their households to death yet.
Isn’t it time we paid attention to the science– and lastly put away Victor Lacata’s axe?
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25 Rare Historical Photos

You probably haven’t seen before…

#1 Dorothy Counts – The First Black Girl To Attend An All White School In The United States – Being Teased And Taunted By Her White Male Peers At Charlotte’s Harry Harding High School, 1957

Dorothy Counts - The First Black Girl To Attend An All White School In The United States - Being Teased And Taunted By Her White Male Peers At Charlotte’s Harry Harding High School, 1957

 #2 Nikola Tesla Sitting In His Laboratory With His “Magnifying Transmitter”

Nikola Tesla Sitting In His Laboratory With His “Magnifying Transmitter”

#3 Austrian Boy Receives New Shoes During WWII
Austrian Boy Receives New Shoes During WWII

#4 Race Organizers Attempt To Stop Kathrine Switzer From Competing In The Boston Marathon. She Became The First Woman To Finish The Race, 1967

Race Organizers Attempt To Stop Kathrine Switzer From Competing In The Boston Marathon. She Became The First Woman To Finish The Race, 1967

#5 Jewish Prisoners After Being Liberated From A Death Train, 1945

Jewish Prisoners After Being Liberated From A Death Train, 1945

#6 The Graves Of A Catholic Woman And Her Protestant Husband, Holland, 1888

The Graves Of A Catholic Woman And Her Protestant Husband, Holland, 1888

#7 A Lone Man Refusing To Do The Nazi Salute, 1936

A Lone Man Refusing To Do The Nazi Salute, 1936

#8 Harold Whittles Hearing Sound For The First Time, 1974

Harold Whittles Hearing Sound For The First Time, 1974

#9 First Morning After Sweden Changed From Driving On The Left Side To Driving On The Right, 1967

First Morning After Sweden Changed From Driving On The Left Side To Driving On The Right, 1967 

#10 Job Hunting In 1930’s

Job Hunting In 1930's

#11 German Soldiers React To Footage Of Concentration Camps, 1945

German Soldiers React To Footage Of Concentration Camps, 1945

#12 Residents Of West Berlin Show Children To Their Grandparents Who Reside On The Eastern Side, 1961

Residents Of West Berlin Show Children To Their Grandparents Who Reside On The Eastern Side, 1961

#13 Acrobats Balance On Top Of The Empire State Building, 1934

Acrobats Balance On Top Of The Empire State Building, 1934

#14 An Exotic Dancer Demonstrates That Her Underwear Was Too Large To Have Exposed Herself, After Undercover Police Officers Arrested Her In Florida

An Exotic Dancer Demonstrates That Her Underwear Was Too Large To Have Exposed Herself, After Undercover Police Officers Arrested Her In Florida

#15 Mafia Boss Joe Masseria Lays Dead On A Brooklyn Restaurant Floor Holding The Ace Of Spades, 1931

Mafia Boss Joe Masseria Lays Dead On A Brooklyn Restaurant Floor Holding The Ace Of Spades, 1931

#16 Lesbian Couple At Le Monocle, Paris, 1932

Lesbian Couple At Le Monocle, Paris, 1932

#17 The Statue Of Liberty Under Construction In Paris In 1884

The Statue Of Liberty Under Construction In Paris In 1884

#18 The Most Beautiful Suicide – Evelyn Mchale Leapt To Her Death From The Empire State Building, 1947

The Most Beautiful Suicide - Evelyn Mchale Leapt To Her Death From The Empire State Building, 1947

#19 7-Foot Bolaji Badejo, A Nigerian Design Student And One-time Actor, Wearing His Costume From The Now Classic Sci-Fi Thriller Alien, 1978

7-Foot Bolaji Badejo, A Nigerian Design Student And One-time Actor, Wearing His Costume From The Now Classic Sci-Fi Thriller Alien, 1978

#20 The Remains Of The Astronaut Vladimir Komarov, A Man Who Fell From Space, 1967

The Remains Of The Astronaut Vladimir Komarov, A Man Who Fell From Space, 1967

#21 A Mother Shows A Picture Of Her Son To A Returning Prisoner Of War, 1947

A Mother Shows A Picture Of Her Son To A Returning Prisoner Of War, 1947

#22 A German Child Meets Her Father, A WWII Soldier, For The First Time Since She Was 1 Year Old, 1956 (He was held prisoner in a Siberian concentration camp after being captured by the soviets.)

A German Child Meets Her Father, A WWII Soldier, For The First Time Since She Was 1 Year Old, 1956

#23 Frida Kahlo Dressed As A Boy, 1924

Frida Kahlo Dressed As A Boy, 1924

#24 Hats In New York, 1930

Hats In New York, 1930

#25 Wounded Combat Dog During Action On The Orote Peninsula, 1944

Wounded Combat Dog During Action On The Orote Peninsula, 1944

h/t to Bored Panda for these photos

Continue reading 25 Rare Historical Photos

Abandoned Chinese Fishing Village Being Swallowed By Nature

Shengsi, an archipelago of almost 400 islands at the mouth of China’s Yangtze river, holds a secret shrouded in time – an abandoned fishing village being reclaimed by nature. These photos by Jane Qing, a creative photographer based in Shanghai, take us into this lost village on the beautiful archipelago.

The Subject of No Subject

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APRIL 2, 2014

THE SUBJECT OF NO SUBJECT
  • 1.Hijadeagricultor1919.jpg“Farmer’s Child,” 1919. Photograph by August Sander.
  • 2.Hijadeagricultor.jpgPhotograph by Michael Somoroff.
  • 3.Small-town-Women.jpg“Small-town Women,” circa 1913. Photograph by August Sander.
  • 4.Small-town-women.jpgPhotograph by Michael Somoroff.
  • 5.Pastelero1928.jpg“Pastrycook,” 1928. Photograph by August Sander.
  • 6.Pastelero2007.jpgPhotograph by Michael Somoroff.
  • 7.CistercianMonks1911.jpg“Cistercian Monks,” 1911. Photograph by August Sander.
  • 8.CistercianMonks2007.jpgPhotograph by Michael Somoroff.
  • 9.Artistasdecirco1926.jpg“Circus Workers,” 1926-32. Photograph by August Sander.
  • 10.ArtistasdeCirco2007.jpgPhotograph by Michael Somoroff.
  • 11.GirlinFairgroundCaravan1926.jpg“Girl in Fairground Caravan,” 1926-32. Photograph by August Sander.
  • 12.Girl_in_Fairground_Caravan_2007.jpegPhotograph by Michael Somoroff.

Michael Somoroff’s “Absence of Subject” is an unconventional homage to the German photographer August Sander. Starting in the nineteen-twenties, Sander, a former miner and painter, began shooting portraits for his series “People of the Twentieth Century,” a systematic effort to document a cross-section of German society. Using an eight-by-ten camera, whose large format gave his photographs a remarkable sense of immediacy, he shot tens of thousands of portraits until his death, in 1964. Of these, only eighteen hundred survive; the rest were destroyed when his studio was bombed, in 1944.

Somoroff, a photographer from New York, began digitally removing the people from Sander’s most iconic images in 2000. What started out as, in Somoroff’s words, a philosophical experiment “to emphasize this particular power and talent that Sanders had” eventually turned into a seven-year project. He collaborated with Julian Sander, August Sander’s grandson, who gave him the support that was necessary to bring the project to life. “The idea that drove ‘Absence’ is that there is a philosophical discussion in terms of our existential condition,” Somoroff told me. “What really is our relationship to God or our relationship to being? The answer to that—universally found in all religions—is that we are a part of a whole. In so being, we are an expression of a lack. In essence, ‘Absence of Subject’ is about that lack.”

August Sander photographs © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK-Stiftung Kultur – August Sander Archiv, Cologne – VG-Bild Kunst, Bonn, 2011.

Ghost Towns

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FATEHPUR SIKRI, INDIA

Built by Emperor Akbar to be the most beautiful city in the world, it was widely thought this goal was achieved – until people realized the city lacked access to water. It was abandoned as the capital of the Mughal Empire after just 10 years and is today a perfectly preserved 16th-century town.

Picture: Flickr user Sikri Goove2007

 

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DECEPTION ISLAND, ANTARCTICA

A regular stop on Antarctic sailings, Deception Island was a popular place for scientific outposts until several volcanic eruptions destroyed the bases in the 1960s. Today you can see their remains, plus swim in hot springs.

Picture: Flickr user Wili Hybrid

 

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 KOLMANSKOP, NAMIBIA

Travellers seeking a quiet place need look no further than the numerous towns around the world that have been abandoned for one reason or another. Travel review website IgoUgo.com has compiled a list of the top 10 ghost towns around the world based on recommendations from its readers.

Before you enter this abandoned mining town in the Namib desert, you’ll need to stop in nearby Luderitz for a permit – a holdover from the days when Kolmanskop was a free-for-all for diamond hunters. The town was at its heyday in the 1920s but abandoned in 1956. It has since been partly restored.

Picture: Flickr user Coda

 

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OATMAN, ARIZONA, US

Of the Arizona ghost towns, quirky Oatman has to be among IgoUgo members’ favourite. It’s here where wild burros roam the streets and $60,000 bills decorate the walls of the local hotel, where, incidentally, Clark Gable and Carol Lombard spent their wedding night.

Picture: Flickr user Caveman 92223

 

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ARTLUNGA, AUSTRALIA

A favourite part of this old Outback mining town (and early European settlement) is the “loneliest pub in the scrub,” also known as the Arltunga Hotel. It’s an ideal place for lunch or a cold beer before or after exploring Arltunga which was born out of a gold rush.

Picture: Page Lovelace

 

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 GRAFTON, UTAH, US

Founded for its fertile land and abandoned largely due to conflicts with Native Americans and flooding, Grafton is most famous as the set of the movie “Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.” The last residents left in 1944.

Picture: Flickr user Respres

 

We are living in a hologram.

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